DEATH CASE of Tibetan Patriots

This is a list of the demonstrators, who died while participating in peaceful protest marches, or in prison in Tibet since 1987. There are more than 150 death cases in all but here we have put only those 96 cases where the victims could be identified by their names. If we include the unidentified cases, the number seems to be more than 200. Of course, not to mention those who have been killed since the Chinese invasion in 1959--more than 1.2 million Tibetan people have lost their lives. Moreover, a large number of people have been suffering from depression by being deprived of their beloved families and land by the Chinese.



Lobsang Legden : aged 21, from Medro Takphu, a monk of Sera Monastery. He took part in a demonstration along with 43 other monks from Sera Monastery on October 1, 1987 at the Barkhor in Lhasa. They were arrested and taken inside a police station compound near Barkor. Outside Tibetans started shouting for the release of the arrested monks. Inside monks began reciting prayers for H.H.the Dalai Lama and shouting "Free Tibet". The police fired on the monks and he was shot on the right side of the head and killed instantly. His family had to pay 600 yuan ($75) to be allowed to take the body home.

Karsel : aged 20, from Medro Lobsang, a student of Nechung Monastery. He was shot dead by the Chinese armed forces while participating in a peaceful demonstration with some monks from Sera Monastery in the Bharkor area on October 1,1987.

Bu Chung : aged 20, from Nyimo in Shigatse, a monk of Jhokhang Temple (Tsuglhakang ). He participated in a demonstration on October 1, 1987, and was shot around 4 p.m. He was sent to the Lhasa People's Hospital and died the same day.

Lobsang Wangchuk : aged 73, from Amdo Shogchung, a monk of Sandue Dakar Monastery. At the time of the 1959 uprising in Lhasa, he was considered one of the region's most important religious leaders. He was imprisoned in 1962 and sentenced to 10 years. His health suffered as a result of numerous "struggle sessions". After completing his sentence, he was sent to a labor camp for another 10 years. On December. 3, 1981, he was re-arrested for having written a book entitled " A History of Tibetan Independence" and sentenced to three-and-a-half years. During his detention, he also produced 16 points proving Tibet's independent status and was sentenced to death. Later his sentence was reduced to 18 years due to intervention from the Dalai Lama. His hands and legs were frequently manacled during harsh torture. Early in 1987, he reportedly lost his sight as a result of beating and he was not able to use his hands any longer. Died on November 7, 1987 in Drapchi Prison.

Gonpo Sonam: aged 61, from Gyantse Labrang in Shigatse, a scholar of Tibetan language and culture. In 1959, he fought against the Chinese and was arrested in 1960 and imprisoned for two years. In 1966, during the Cultural Revolution he was re-arrested and spent 16 years in prison and labor camp. He was arrested for a third time on September 30, 1983 and imprisoned in Drapchi Prison. He suffered badly from torture and developed epilepsy. In 1985 he was released for medical reasons. Despite treatment, his health deteriorated. Died on December 23, 1987.


Jampa Tenzin: aged 49, a monk of Jhokhang Temple. In March 1988, he was found dead in one of the chapels with a rope around his neck. He was holding one end of rope with his right hand and had vomited a lot of blood. His death is considered suspicious. He had become the symbol of the Tibetan Independence movement, both nationally and internationally, after he ran through flames to release Sera monks trapped in a burning police station in Lhasa on October 1, 1987. He was arrested the same day and released on January 22, 1988 after intervention from the Late Panchen Lama. Some sources say that there had been foul play involved on February 21. That night, some policemen came to his house for interrogation.

Sherap Tenzin: aged 30, from Lhasa, a truck driver. He took part in the demonstration of March 5, 1988. While he was running away from the Chinese troops, he was shot through the skull by a policeman and instantly died on the spot.

Gonpo Paljor:
From Kham.
He took part in the demonstration
of March 5, 1988 and was shot in the head by the Chinese.

Lobsang Sonam: aged 29, from Je-bumgang in Lhasa, a worker at the Tibetan Shin Ha Printing press. He was shot in the back by Chinese troops while taking part in a peaceful demonstration on March 5, 1988. The bullet was lodged in the right side of his stomach, but when he was taken to Lhasa People's Hospital, he was denied proper medical treatment because of his participation in the demonstration. As a result of inadequate treatment, he died on April 5, 1988.

Lhakpa Dondrup : aged 29, from Metog Changse in Tsemonling, Lhasa. He joined a peaceful demonstration on March 5, 1988 and was put into Gutsa prison, beaten and tortured to death. Died on May 5, 1988.

Lobsang Dolma: aged 26, from Nyethang, a nun of Shungseb Nunnery. She was incarcerated in Gutsa prison on May 17, 1988 and severely tortured. She was released on July 17, 1988. She fled Tibet two weeks later, but died on her way to India from injuries sustained in prison.

Ngawang Kunga: aged 27, from Phenpo Lhundrup, a monk of Drepung Monastery. He was shot in the head and killed while taking part in a peaceful demonstration around Jhokhang Temple in Lhasa on December 10, 1988.

Yeshe Lhundrup: aged 75, from Lhoka. He was arrested on November 24, 1987 for involvement in political activities. He was released on December 15, 1988. He died just three days after his release as a result of injuries sustained from torture.


Anu: aged 32, from Lhasa, a carpenter. He participated in the March 5, 1989 demonstration and was shot in the chest by a Chinese bullet. He was taken to the hospital by his friend but died on the way.

Nyima Drakpa: aged 26, from Lhasa, a businessman. He participated in a demonstration on March 5, 1989 and was shot dead.

Lobsang Phuntshok: aged 51, from Lhasa, businessman. He was shot during the large demonstration on March, 5, 1989. Died on June 19, 1989 in hospital.

Paljor: aged 20, from Tsarong in Kham, a worker in Lhasa. He was also shot dead while participating in the demonstration on March 5, 1989.

Wangden: aged 30, from Toelung, a driver. He participated in the demonstration on March 5, 1989 and was shot dead.

Tashi Phuntshok: aged 37, from Lhasa, a driver. He participated in the demonstration on March 5, 1989 and was shot dead.

Anu: aged 28, from Lhasa, a construction worker. She participated in the demonstration on March 5, 1989 and was shot dead.

Kunchok Jamyang: aged 21, from Lhasa. He participated in the demonstration on March 5, 1989 and was shot. He was carried to the hospital but died soon after.

Lobsang Gelek: aged 48, from Kanze in Kham, a business man in Lhasa. He participated in the demonstration on March 5, 1989 and was shot. Died on March 24, 1898.

Ngawang Zegyen: aged 19, from Toelung Dechen, a monk of Drepung Monastery. Because he participated in a peaceful demonstration on September 27, 1989, he was arrested and taken to Gutsa prison. Four months later he was released but his health condition was critical. He died due to severe torture a few days after his release.

Lobsang Dolma: aged 24, from Chushul Nyetang, a nun of Shungseb Nunnery. She participated in a peaceful demonstration on May 17, 1988 and was arrested. Kept in Gutsa Prison for two months. After release, she was taken to hospital for medical treatment of injuries sustained during torture. She never recovered and died in 1989.

Choezed Tenpa Choephel: aged 66, a gardener at Norbulingka. He was arrested on December 15, 1987 for having been involved in political activities. Died due to torture on December 1989.


Kelsang Tsering: aged 29, from Phenpo Lhundup, a monk of Sera Monastery. He took part in a 1988 demonstration in Lhasa and later on December 10, 1989, led a protest demonstration which was fired upon by the Chinese troops. He was injured badly in the shooting. After one month of unsuccessful medical treatment, he passed away in Lhasa People's Hospital.

Rigzin Choeden: aged 25, from Lhoka, a nun of Shungseb Nunnery. Along with 15 other nuns, she participated in the demonstration demanding independence and was arrested on March 5 1989. She was detained one day in Gutsa Prison and one more week in Chushul Prison. Due to severe torture suffered in prison, she was hospitalized and died on March 8, 1990.

Lhakpa Tsering: aged 19, from Kyire in Lhasa, a student. He was arrested on November 4, 1989 and charged as a member of a "counter revolutionary" group called the "Snow Lion Youth Organization". He was detained in Gutsa prison and was sentenced to two years imprisonment and later transferred to Drapchi Prison. He become extremely sick due to torture and beating and his health deteriorated. He was refused medical attention on at least three occasions. Died on December 13, 1990.


Jampa Gelek: aged 26, from Medro Gongkar, a monk of Ganden Monastery. He joined the demonstration on March 5, 1988. He was arrested on March 7, 1988 and was subjected to constant beating and maltreatment. He was frequently interrogated, receiving harsh treatment and beatings which resulted in head injury and a loss of hearing. Although he was released after five months of rigorous detention, his health deteriorated because of the prolonged torture. Died in1991.

Pasang Tsering: aged 34, from Markham. Reported to have been stabbed to death by a policeman in the Tromsikang Market Area of Lhasa on July 6, 1991 for illegal celebration of H.H.the Dalai Lama's birthday. He was first hit badly by a rifle and then stabbed to death. He died shortly after being taken to the People's Hospital in Lhasa.

Tsam la: aged 32, from Gyalkalam, Lhasa. She was arrested for taking part in the March 5, 1988 demonstration. She was detained by armed Chinese security officials, horrifyingly beaten and ruthlessly tortured, leaving her with serious injuries. On October 10, 1989 she was convicted of hitting a Chinese soldier with an iron bar. In prison she was tortured to the breaking point, then sent to hospital for medical students to practice surgery on her. No attempt was made to give her proper medical treatment. Died on August 25, 1989.

Laba Donzhu: He was arrested in 1989, tortured in detention, suffered a ruptured spleen and other injuries. Died at the People's Hospital in Lhasa in November 1991 after being transferred there from Gutsa Detention Center.


Kunsang Choekyi: aged 24, a nun of Shungseb Nunnery. She was arrested and imprisoned in Chushul Prison on March 1, 1989. She was tortured and died one month after her release on Oct. 1992.

Rigzin Choeden: aged 26, from Gongkar in Lhoka, a nun of Shungseb Nunnery in Lhasa. On March 2, 1989, about 16 nuns from Shungseb Nunnery held a short demonstration in the Barkhor and were arrested. After one week she was released because the Rinpoche intervened. She was tortured while in prison and taken to the hospital. After leaving the hospital, she was completely bedridden at home. Died in October 10,1992.

Dawa Dondrup: aged 32,from Gyantse. He participated in the demonstration on March 5, 1989 and was arrested. He was sentenced to two years. By the time he was released, his health condition was critical due to harsh treatment and torture in prison. Died on November 2, 1992 at home.

Nyima: aged 25, from Gongkar in Lhoka, a nun of Shungseb Nunnery in Lhasa. She was one of 16 nuns from Shungseb Nunnery who held a short demonstration on March 2, 1989 in the Barkhor and were arrested. After one week, she was released because the Rinpoche intervened. After her release, she visited Lhasa People's Hospital for treatment for damaged ribs. She was also said to have suffered from a mental breakdown caused by her prison experience and expulsion from the Nunnery. She died from unspecified injuries. The exact date of her death is unknown.


Dondrup Gyalpo: aged 19, from Phenpo Lhundrup, a monk from Namar Monastery. He committed suicide in late July 1993, because he was chased by the Chinese police for allowing his two friends to escape from Chinese custody. They had been arrested for their pro-independence stand. He drowned himself in the Kyichu River in Lhasa.


Phuntshok Yanokyi: [Yanogyi] lay-name Mizang]: aged 20, from Taktse, a nun of Michungri Nunnery. Arrested on February 3. 1992 for her participation in a pro-independence demonstration. Sentenced to 5 years imprisonment. She was first sent to Gutsa where she was detained for six months for interrogation and torture. Later she was transferred to Drapchi Prison, where she was one of several nuns beaten in February 11, 1994 after singing nationalist songs. She complained of pain in the groin area, but prison guards refused to pay any attention. Her condition deteriorated and she was not able to sleep for nine full days and went into a coma. Finally, on the insistence of her fellow prisoners, she was taken to the hospital where she died six days later, in May 1994.

Lhadar: aged 33, from Lithang in Kham, a monk of Lithang Monastery. He was arrested on August 18,1994 with other monks from Lithang Monastery for participating in a peaceful demonstration. He was beaten and tortured while in Chinese police custody. Died in Lithang District Prison in Aug. 1994.

Lobsang Yonten: aged 65, born in Narab village in Gongkar, Lhoka. At an early age he joined Drepung Monastery in Lhasa and was first arrested in 1959 after which he served 23 years in prison and labor camp. In 1987 he started a school program teaching six children who had previously had no educational opportunities. By 1993, the school had over 60 students and he came to be affectionately known as Tsasur Shang-la (Uncle Tsasur). Arrested in May 1993 for trying to contact a high level European delegation which visited Lhasa from the 17th to the 22nd of May 1993. During his incommunicado detention by the Chinese police, he was subjected to constant physical torture which resulted in his health breakdown. Died on October 30, 1994.


Gyaltsen Kelsang: aged 24, from Nyandren near Lhasa, a nun of Garu Nunnery. She was arrested on June 14, 1993 for taking part in the demonstration in Lhasa with 11 other nuns. She was sentenced to two years and subjected to severe torture and beatings which confined her to bed for more than 20 days. In late November 1994, she was taken from Drapchi Prison to be hospitalized. Her health deteriorated. She lost movement in the lower part of her body and her speech was impaired. Died on February 20, 1995.

Sherap Ngawang: aged 18, from Medro Gongkar, a nun of Michungri Nunnery. She participated in a demonstration in Lhasa with four other nuns of Michungri Nunnery and one monk from the Sera Monastery on February 3, 1992. She was arrested and sentenced to three years. On the night of August10, 1994, she joined in with other nuns singing freedom songs in Trisam prison. She was subsequently beaten and tortured with electric prods, tied with rope, handcuffed and put into solitary confinement for three days. She suffered severe pain and loss of memory. On February 2, 1995, she completed her term and was put into a hospital. Died on April 17, 1995. She was considered the youngest prisoner who died as a direct result of Chinese persecution.

Tashi Tsering: aged 59, from Yangmo Ngabring in Shigatse, a former monk of Drongtse Monastery. He was arrested on the morning of November 28, 1989, after it was discovered that he had allegedly written letters in support of Tibetan Independence and posted them at several places. He was sentenced to 7 years and detained in Drapchi Prison. He was released in September 1994 on medical grounds as his health was deteriorating due to years of torture in prison. Died on May 17, 1995.

Wangdu: aged 26, from Shey Thokmon in Shigatse, a monk of Tashi Lhunpo Monastery, the seat of the Panchen Lama, a caretaker of the 11th Panchen Lama's mausoleum stupa. Committed suicide on July 24, 1995 as he could no longer endure the pressure mounting on him to criticize and denounce the young incarnate Panchen Lama announced by H.H.the Dalai Lama.

Dawa Tsering: aged 28, from Lhasa. He participated in the March 5,1989 demonstration and was arrested on March 8, 1989. He was taken to Sangyip prison and detained until May 1990. During this one year of imprisonment he was repeatedly subjected to severe torture. His condition became so critical that he could no longer stand straight. His back was completely bent over. He was admitted by his family to the regional hospital and remained there until his death 5 years later. Died on August 19,1995.

Kalsang Dawa: aged 29, from Phenpo, a painter. He was arrested and imprisoned in Sangyip Prison in April or May 1993 for having painted the forbidden Tibetan National flag and pasting independence wall posters. One night a drunk prison guard stormed into Kalsang's prison cell and began to beat him for not having complied with a prison order to go to sleep on time, and tortured him until next day. After that, he suffered from both physical and mental problems. He used to cry and shout for fear of remaining alone and complained of severe headaches. On October 14, 1995, he was found dead in a cell, hanging from the ceiling.

Tsenyi: aged 23, from Lhasa, a worker on the newspaper "The Tibet Daily". She escaped to India in February 1990, then returned to Tibet to perform religious ceremonies for her father who had recently died. In 1994 she took part in a demonstration against increased taxes on merchandise which turned into a freedom protest. She was arrested and put into Gutsa Prison. Even though she was pregnant, she was beaten, but she admitted nothing. She was temporarily released but constantly followed and harassed. Her mind was so much affected that she committed suicide leaving a child less than one year old.

Sonam Tashi: aged 56, from Lhasa, a businessman. He participated in a demonstration on May 25,1993 and was arrested on May 27, 1993. He was released in 1994. Died in 1995 due to harsh treatment in prison.


Phurbu Tsering: aged 36, from Dranagshol in Lhasa, a worker at a scripture printing press near Sera Monastery. Participated in the March 1989 demonstration. He was caught in the Public Security Bureau and beaten by members of the People's Armed Police with an iron rod and suffered acute head injury. He was hospitalized for four months after surgery before being taken home. One side of his body became paralyzed and he started suffering from convulsions. Died on February 7, 1996 without recovering.

Sangye Tenphel (layname: Gonpo Dorjee): aged 19, from Uma village, a monk of Khangmar Monastery in Damshung, 162 kilometres north west of Lhasa. He was arrested in April 1995 for actively expressing his desire for Tibetan independence in his songs and posters. Detained for 4 months in Gutsa Detention Center and later transferred to Drapchi Prison. Sangye had been severely beaten with an electric baton and a cycle pump by two prison officials. His ribs were broken during the course of his interrogation and he was reportedly suffering brain damage before his death. Died in custody in May 1996 as a result to harsh treatment and beatings.

Phurbu: from Dayab in Chamdo, a monk of Dayab Ma-gon Monastery. In May 1996 the confiscation of photographs of H.H. the Dalai Lama and an ideological re-education campaign were launched simultaneously in Dayab Ma-gon Monastery. During one of the searches for photographs of the Dalai Lama, he was ordered to hand over his photographs. After five days of repeated demands and severe beatings by the Public Security Bureau, he jumped from a bridge. A few hours later his dead body was seen floating in the water by some monks.

Lhundrup Tendar: aged 66, from Namling, a monk of Ganden Choekor Monastery. On June 1996 he committed suicide by jumping into Namling River as a result of severe interrogation by the work-team that arrived in the monastery.

Kalsang Thutop: (Kelsang?) aged 49, from Sangda in Toelung county, a monk of Drepung Monastery. He was one of 10 Drepung monks' freedom activist society. On March 1989 he was trying to escape to India for fear of arrest because his four friends had been arrested. On the way, at Dam, along the Nepalese border, the truck which he and another friend were hiding in overturned during an accident. His friend was badly injured and sent to a hospital where both were arrested. He was arrested on March 20, 1989, sentenced to an 18 year term for his involvement in political activities. He had translated the Universal Declaration of Human Rights into Tibetan and produced a clandestine booklet called "The Precious Democratic Constitution of Tibet". In Drapchi prison on the morning of July 4, 1996 he was taken for interrogation. He could not utter a single word when he returned two hours later and was rushed that night to the hospital. He died the very next morning, at 4 a.m. on July 5, 1996. He was given a sky burial and it was observed that one of Kalsang Thutop's testicles had been brutally crushed.

Dorje Khangtsiri: aged 66, from Tse Gor Thang in Amdo, 124 km south-west of Chabcha Dzong, Amdo (Chinese: Qinghai). The authorities who visited the town raided his house and imposed fines if pictures of the Dalai Lama were found. He couldn't pay the heavy fine of 8,000 yuan (US$750) and was told to pay by 1997 or half his land would be confiscated. When he challenged the authorities, he was beaten and had to be hospitalized. Died in August1996, 20 days after he was beaten by Chinese.


Phurbu, better known as Tarak, was from Lhasa and lived in Galingsha , eastern Lhasa. His father Dorji and mother Tsamchoe carried out small business. Phurbu was an active participant in the March 1989 demonstration. He had joined a group of people marching from Toeling (a small town) to the People's Hospital when, from a distance, Chinese officials opened fire. Phurbu was shot three times as a result of which his left leg had to be amputated. In spite of being hospitalised for a few months, Phurbu did not recover from the effects of the bullet wounds. Even after his discharge from the hospital his health continued to deteriorate and he remained fully bedridden. Phurbu died on 3 September 1996 at the age of thirty four. 

Jamyang Thinle: aged 25, from Tsawa Bhenda in Chamdo, a monk of Chamdo Monastery. On 30 May, 1996, Chinese officials came to Chamdo Monastery to raid the room of every monk and confiscated all pictures of H.H. the Dalai Lama. While searching the rooms they also discovered leaflets calling for a Free Tibet. He and two other monks were arrested because of this leaflet and taken to Chamdo Prison. After four months there, he was released on 13 September 1996 on medical grounds. As a result of severe torture and beatings, his condition became critical. He died on 18 September, 1996, only five days after his release.

Wangdu: aged 24, from Thongmon in Shigatse, a monk of Tashi Lhunpo Monastery. He was first arrested by the work-team during a meeting to oppose H.H. the Dalai Lama and Chadrel Rinpoche who was head of the Panchen Lama Search Committee, and is now in prison. Wandu did not agree to oppose them and was later found dead after having committed suicide.
  Kelsang Nyendrak: a monk of Ganden Monastery, on 6 May 1996 he was shot dead by Chinese troops who opened fire after the monks refused to fall in with the orders regarding the ban on photographs of the Dalai Lama. A bullet entered the lower back of 40 year-old Kelsang Nyendrak who died several days later.
  Tenchok Tenphel, aged 27, Sangye was a monk of Sakya monastery, 152 km west of Shigatse. He had been arrested on 1 September 1996 during a ritual dance performance before Chinese officials. On 14 September 1996, he died while in Sakya detention centre just two weeks after his arrest. Tenchok Tenphel's body was cremated on 17 September before his family could see him and his family was told that he had "committed suicide".
  Phurtse was born in 1960 and grew up in Lhasa. He worked in Lhasa Bangashoe's United Corporation, then as a road constructor in Powo Tramo and then in a scripture printing press near Sera Monastery. It was while working at the printing press that he participated in the March 1989 demonstration. He was caught and beaten by members of the People's Armed Police (PAP) with an iron rod and he suffered acute head injury. His relatives were informed that he would have to undergo urgent surgery and he was hospitalised for four months before being taken home. While at home one side of his body became partially paralysed and he was admitted to the Tibetan Medical Institute (Tibetan: Mentsikhang) in Lhasa for three months. Then in October 1989 he was discharged from the hospital with a warning that his full recovery was impossible due to the damage already caused. On 7 February 1996 Phurtse passed away.
  Dawa Tsering Khema, better known as Khema, was born in Lhasa. He lived in eastern Lhasa , Dickyi Sitrul No.3, with his father Ngawang and his mother Nyima who were engaged in small business. Dawa Tsering actively participated in March 1989 in one of the biggest ever demonstrations to take place in Lhasa. He was arrested on 8 March 1989 by Chinese officials, taken to Sangyip Prison and detained until March 1990. During this one year of imprisonment he was repeatedly subjected to severe torture by members of the PSB and prison officials during interrogation sessions. His condition became so critical that he could hardly stand straight and his back was completely bent over. His condition never improved and on 19 August 1995 he passed away at the age of twenty eight.


Rigzin: aged 61, from Lhabrang in Ngari. He was arrested in August/September 1996 because he kept a photograph of H.H. the Dalai Lama on his altar even though Chinese authorities had prohibited it. He was sentenced to three years in Ngari Prison. Due to torture, he became ill and was put into the prison hospital. After one month ithere, he was released because his condition had became so serious. Died on February 11/12, 1997 in his home.

Jamphel Thinle: aged 28, a monk of Chamdo Monastery. He was arrested in the spring of 1997 for putting posters on the wall of the monastery. Soon after his detention, he entered a coma due to torture, and died just four hours after being removed from prison.

Tenchok Tenphel: aged 27, from Shapa, a monk of Sakya Truphe Lhakang Monastery. At the end of 1996 a work-team came to the monastery and forced monks to compose essays denouncing H.H.the Dalai Lama. He was arrested on September 1,1997 for praising H.H.the Dalai Lama instead of denouncing him, and was detained in Sakya County Prison. During detention, he was severely interrogated, threatened and tortured. After 15 days, he committed suicide by strangling himself with his waistband in his cell.

Jampa Choeden: aged 21, from Chamdo Tawa Teng, a monk. In the summer of 1997 he was interrogated and badly beaten by Chinese officials for involvement in protest activity. He was taken back home, but later committed suicide when he heard that the Chinese authorities were coming to arrest him.

Pasang Dawa: aged 21, a monk of Dechen Sangnak Monastery in Taktse. On December 8, 1994 he was arrested for a solo demonstration in Barkor in Lhasa. He was sentenced to five years imprisonment in Drapchi Prison. Soon after, he became ill due to torture, and was permitted to go to the hospital during the day time but had to come back to prison at night. His health deteriorated. Died on December 17, 1997 in the Public Welfare Hospital.


Ngawang Dekyi: aged 25, from Damshung, a nun of Poto Nunnery in Phenpo Lhundrup. She was arrested in 1995 after participating in a demonstration in Lhasa and sentenced to six years imprisonment in Drapchi Prison. On January 5, 1998 she was hospitalized in the Regional Military Hospital in Lhasa as a result of harsh torture. It was not until her death on January 21, 1998 that her parents were finally told that she had been ill in hospital.

Yeshe Samten: aged 22, from Tsangtok village in Taktse Dechen counry, a monk of Ganden Monastery. He was arrested on May 6, 1996 with around 90 other monks from Ganden Monastery. They protested against the removal of all photographs of H.H. the Dalai Lama by a Chinese work-team. He was sentenced to two years and imprisoned in Trisam Prison in Toelung county. He completed his prison term and was released on May 6, 1998. However due to the injuries sustained during torture in prison, he had to be hospitalized and died six days after his release. Died on May 12, 1998.

Lobsang Choephel, was born in Dambu Shang in the Damshung area, and was a monk at the local Kangmar Monastery. On 15 April 1995 he was arrested for taking part in a pro-independence demonstration in the Lhasa Barkhor area. He was sentenced to five years imprisonment and sent to Drapchi Prison. On 4 May the prisoners staged a protest against the raising of the Chinese flag in Drapchi. The protest was dealt with ruthlessly by PAP officers, nearly all the prisoners being beaten for hours on end. That afternoon, in protest against the harsh treatment of the prisoners and the continued colonization of Tibet by the Chinese, Lobsang Choephel committed suicide by hanging himself. He was twenty-eight years old.

Kundrol Yonten, was a nun at the Jiwa Nunnery, who was born at Tseltop in Nyemo County. In December 1994 she was arrested for participating in a pro-independence demonstration in the Lhasa Barkhor area. She was sentenced to five years imprisonment and then sent to Drapchi. As punishment for taking part in the May 1998 protests, from 3 June onwards all the female prisoners were forced to stand facing the sun all day. If they moved at all, they would be beaten by PAP officers. Some of the prisoners were also from time to time taken away for interrogation, and beaten with electric prods, which made the prisoners even weaker.
Kundrol Yonten was one of five nuns who died on 7 June. She was twenty-eight years old. The bodies of the five nuns who died were quickly cremated by the prison authorities, and it is still unclear as to how they died. The Chinese claim that they committed suicide.

Drugkyi Pema, also known as Dekyi Yangzom, was born at Pelshang in Nymo District, and was a nun at the Nyemo Rangjung Choeten Nunnery.
On 15 February 1995 she, along with other nuns from her nunnery, participated in a pro-independence demonstration in the Lhasa Barkhor area. They were arrested and taken to Gutsa Detention Center. She was later sentenced to four years imprisonment and sent to Drapchi Prison. Drugkyi Pema was one of the five nuns who died on 7 June. She was twenty-one years old.

Tsultrim Zangmo, lay name Ngwang Choekyi, aged 26, was born in Phenpo Lhundrup and was a nun at the Shawa Bumpa nunnery in Phenpo Lhundrup. On 14 June 1994 she participated in a peaceful demonstration in Lhasa for which she was arrested and taken to Gutsa Detention Center. She was then sentenced to five years imprisonment and sent to Drapchi where she was tortured severely . In June 1998, after being made to stand in the sun for four days and being beaten several times she was very weak. She and Drugkyi Pema were seen on the morning of 7 June by another inmate who said 'They were not able to walk properly, they needed the wall for support.' She died later that day at the age of twenty-eight. Her parents were told that she had commited suicide and did not get delivery of her body.

Lobsang Wangmo, was born in Phenpo Lhundrup, and was a nun at the Negodong Nunnery in Dogde on the outskirts of Lhasa. In February 1995 she participated in a peaceful demonstration in Lhasa and she was arrested and taken to Gutsa Detention Center. She was sentenced to five years imprisonment and sent to Drapchi. Lobsang Wangmo was one of the five nuns who died on 7 June1998. She was twenty-five years old.

Tashi Lhamo, was a nun at the Jiwa Nunnery. After taking part in a demonstration, Tashi Lhamo was sentenced to five years imprisonment and sent to Drapchi Prison. Tashi Lhamo was one of the five nuns who died on 7 June 1998. She was twenty-five years old.

Ngawang Tenkyong, was ordained as Lobsang Wangchuk. He was a monk at Ganden Monasty. After participating in a demonstration he was sentenced to ten years imprisonment and sent to Drapchi Prison. As punishment for taking part in the 4 May protest, he was beaten mercilessly on 5 May 1988. He was taken to hospital the following day, but just as the car he was in entered the hospital grounds he died. He was twenty-eight years old.
72 Khedrup, aged 26, was born in Meldro Gungkar and was a monk at Ganden Monastery. He was sentenced to five years imprisonment and sent to Drapchi Prison. After the 4 May protest he was put in solitary confinement and beaten by PAP officers. They tied him up with his hands tied behind his back and beat him with a metal stick, as a result of which both his shoulder blades were broken. He received no medical treatment for any of his injuries, and died, aged twenty-six, on or around 20 May 1998. His parents were called and forced to sign a document saying his son had committed suicide. They could not get their son's body back.
  Ngawang Tenzin: a monk of Naranda Monastery. He died on 7 June, 1998. For taking part in demonstrations in Drapchi Prison, he was tortured harshly to death.
  Choekyi Wangmo: aged 21, from Phenpo Lhundrup, a nun of Sharbunmba Nunnery. She demonstrated in Barkhor with four nuns together with Ngawang Choekyi in June 1994. She was also sentenced to five years in Drapchi Prison. During Drapchiユs demonstrations in May, she underwent harsh torture and died.


Tashi Tsering died in October 1999 at the age of 39. He was arrested on 26th August 1999, during the sixth National Minority Games held in Lhasa. He managed to lower the Chinese flag on a flagpole in the Potala Square and attempted to replace it with a Tibetan national flag. He had dynamite or a combustible material strapped to his body. He tried to light the dynamite, but was unsuccessful because it was raining at the time. He shouted "Free Tibet" slogans when he was arrested. The security police were able to arrest him before he raised the Tibetan national flag or exploded the device, and he was severely beaten on the spot. He was badly injured and his arm was dislocated. The police, instead of taking him to prison, took him to the police hospital near Sera monastery. He was hospitalized for a month and later died in the same hospital. His wife and a group of people were also arrested on charges of suspicion. A Tibetan national flag was found when their house was searched.
Tashi Tsering was from the Lhoka district and a resident of Lhasa. He was working as a carpenter. He is survived by his wife Lhadon and two children, one is paralyzed. Tashi Tsering had previously been selected as one of the ten best youth by the Chinese, for which he had been given monetary help to build a school in his locality.

Ven. Lobsang Tsondue, alias Hor Lagen, was born at Janag Nagchu in 1911. He became a monk at Shar-rong monastery at the age of 7. Later he joined Hardong House of Drepung Gomang monastery, and studied Buddhist philosophy. In 1960 he planned to escape to India in the footsteps of His Holiness the Dalai Lama but failed. He was arrested and detained for 15 days. He struggled hard to secure justice for the Tibetans and he was imprisoned four times and served 22 years in jail for his pro-independence activities. He died in 1999 at age 88.
In 1965 under the so-called "Patriotic Advice" campaign, he was asked to criticize His Holiness the Dalai Lama and also the Panchen Lama. He displayed photos of His Holiness the Dalai Lama and his two tutors on the roof of his house and recited prayers the whole night. For this act, he was dubbed the "little Panchen" and was arrested and imprisoned for 5 years in Tiyi-tue prison. When the prisoners were ordered to kill insects, he refused. They hung a rat around his neck to kill. He didn't even harm the animal, much less kill it. He was also asked to criticize His Holiness the Dalai Lama and his two tutors, which he refused. For this, his sentence was increased by 10 years, making it 15 years in total.
In 1980, he was released after completing his sentence. He returned to Drepung monastery. In the first week of September 1987, when the younger Tibetan generations were actively involved in the pro-independence demonstration in Lhasa, he supported their activities whole heartedly. Thus, in 1988 he was once again imprisoned for 9 months, and in 1989, he was further sentenced to 6 years in Drapchi. When the Chinese officials came to question him, he proclaimed that Tibet was a sovereign country under the leadership of His.Holiness the Dalai Lama.
On 15/12/1990, a young political prisoner named Lhakpa Tsering died in the prison. Ven. Lobsang Tsondue paid homage to the dead person and protested against the prison authorities to improve conditions of prisoners in various prisons inside Tibet. For this, he was put in solitary confinement, where he suffered untold hardship and torture.
In 1996, he was released after the expiration of his sentence and was sent back to his monastery. By that time he was 85 years old. He was not happy in the monastery, as he didn't receive the political rights that other inmates were entitled to. Also, there was no one to look after him and he had to depend on others for food and money. He was in poor health and died in January of 1999 at Drepung monastery at the age of 88. The monastery committee arranged a grand funeral for him at Drikhung hill. Many local Tibetans came to show their last respects and prayed for his death soul by putting scarves on his dead body and donating money and butter lamps.

Phuntsok was a former political prisoner who died on 2/9/1999 in Lhasa. He was born in 1939 in Lhasa. At a very young age, he became a monk at Jhang Talung Monastery, but didn't remain a monk for long. He worked as a motor mechanic and lived in Tsoma ling Township. Later in life, he married twice. He had two children from his first wife, whom he then separated. His son is in the police service in Lhasa and his daughter, Diki Metok, is presently studying in TCV Suja school in exile.

In 1993, he came with his second wife, Tsering Dolma, for a Kalachakra initiation and religious pilgrimage to India. He returned to Lhasa taking with him many books on Tibetan issues, and an audio and video cassette. The books included the biography of His Holiness, some books related to human rights and others on the future policy of Tibetan politics. He distributed these books and cassettes to Tibetans all over the region.
In 1994, with the help of two monks and three nuns, Mr. Phuntsok wrote letters about the suffering and true situation of Tibetan people, and their struggle against the Chinese.The letters were sent to the Tibetan government-in-exile in Dharamsala, India.
In 1995, during the celebration of the "Tibet Autonomous Region Day", the Lhasa police came to search his house and arrested him on a charge of suspicion. The police found pro-independence documents at his house. He was detained at Sangyip prison for a few months and later sentenced to two years imprisonment at Drapchi prison. In prison during interrogation, he was severely beaten and tortured in order to extract information. His ribs and some vertebrae were broken and he lost a sense of feeling in his body. His health condition deteriorated but he did not receive any medical treatment in prison. When his health condition became very bad, he was released from prison on medical parole. His family had to meet his medical expenses which later put them in great financial debt. He eventually died in an extremely poor condition.

Tenpa Phulchung was a great scholar, a nationalist and a warrior who dedicated his life to securing justice for Tibetan people against the Chinese rule. He was born in Lhasa in 1935. During his childhood he studied various arts. When the Chinese first came to Tibet in 1949, the Tibetan people organised a letter-writing campaign to protest against the Chinese. Tenpa Phulchung helped his fellow Tibetans in the letter-writing campaign.
In 1959, he joined the "Tibetan Dharma Protection Movement" and was involved in political activities to fight against the Chinese. He was arrested at Norbu Lingka and was sent to Jang Tsala Karpo labour camp. After 4 years of hard labour he was released in 1963. He continued to work secretly against the Chinese for the welfare of the Tibetan community, putting his own life at risk. In a book he authored, he wrote of the inaccuracy of the Chinese claim of having "liberated"a million underprivileged Tibetans, and he exposed the difficulties of the Tibetan people under the Chinese rule.
He sent a petition to the United Nations in the name of the "Struggle Committee of Justice of Three Provinces of Tibet" in which he wrote about the critical situation of Tibetan people and their struggle for independence from Chinese rule. He sent letters to His Holiness the Dalai Lama and the government-in-exile about the suffering of Tibetan people and their struggle, and their hopes and aspirations inside Tibet.
On 27th September 1987, he distributed pro-independence pamphlets to the masses. When his campaign became more active, he was re-arrested at his house on 16th December 1987. His house was ransacked by the police and they found posters written in bold letters asserting Tibetan Independence. He was sent to Sangyip prison in Lhasa. In 1989 while in prison, he composed a poem based on the major peaceful pro-independence demonstration in Tibet entitled "The Song of Truth at the Dawn of the 21st Century". For this, his sentence was extended by 7 years.
On 29 April 1991, he and four other monks, Tenpa Wangdak, Gyadar, Penpa and Lobsang Tenzin, were transferred to Pawo Tramo prison in Kongpo district. There, he and other political prisoners were forced to do hard labour, in order to be "reformed". He was released on the expiry of his sentence on 17th December 1994. He died four years later on 29th November 1998 at the age of 63 due to the severe treatment he suffered in prison.

Sonam Wangdu was born in Lhasa in 1956. He lives in house # 45, courtyard 2, Trenkonchu, Medical Road, Lhasa. His is from th Paljor Rabten family. He was working as a carpenter in a construction group in Lhasa.
On 5/3/1988, he took part in a peaceful demonstration with thousands of Tibetans in Lhasa where they demanded human rights and freedom for Tibetans. This demonstration turned into a big riot where the Tibetans attacked the Chinese army with stones and sticks and the Chinese used guns on them. One policeman, Hon-re-ren, was thrown from a building top and died on the spot. Many Tibetans were hurt and some were killed. He was arrested by the police and was taken to Gutsa prison. The prison officials tortured him with electric prod and severely beat him with iron rods to unconsciousness in order to extract information and force confession for killing the Chinese policeman.
On 19/12/ 1988, he was taken the to People's Court at Lhasa for trial and sentencing. He was allowed no legal representation. Even during the trial, he was severely beaten by policemen to ensure that he would confess to the Chinese accusations. He was accused of inciting dissent to demonstrate against the Chinese government, and also accused of killing the policeman, Hon-re-ren. He was thus sentenced to life imprisonment at Drapchi prison.
On 19/3/1989, he was taken to Drapchi prison where he faced extreme torture and was put in a dark cell with no food and water for many days. He had to work labor with other prisoners even though his health condition was very poor and he used a walking stick. The guards accused him of using the stick to avoid labor. He sustained permanent injury to his body and became paralyzed in the lower part of his body. He could no longer control his bladder and bowels and had to use rubber tubes to urinate. He had been a well-built and strong man, but in prison he became weak and lost weight, and needed the help of a walking stick.
From the prison beatings, he had permanent internal injuries which eventually led to his death. Paralyzed from the waist down, he died in March of 1999 at the age of 43, and is survived by his wife and three children, two of whom are currently living in exile. Sonam Wangdu was released from prison in 1993 most likely because his death seemed imminent.
A father of three, his only employment after release was to sell kites to children in the marketplace, and to mend lamps to earn a living. For attempting to secure legitimate rights and justice for Tibetan people he suffered untold atrocities for 11 years. Fluid accumulated in his body and he died in March 1999 in Lhasa. He is survived by his wife and three children.


Sonam Rinchen, died, aged twenty-seven, in the last week of January 2000. He was born in Gama Dhashar, a village in the Meldro Gungkar area near Lhasa. He became involved in pro-independence activities following the demonstration in Lhasa on 27 September 1987. For a while he distributed and pasted up pro-independence posters in his village. On 12 June 1992 Sonam Rinchen, along with four other people, demonstrated against the Chinese work team when they came to 're-educate' the villagers. They were arrested and taken to Gutsa Detention Center. In October 1992 Sonam Rinchen was sentenced to fifteen years imprisonment and sent to Drapchi Prison.

Sholpa Dawa [Shol], born in 1940, was a tailor in Lhasa. He was first arrested on 27 September 1981 for distributing pro-independence pamphlets. He was sentenced to two years imprisonment, serving six months at Gutsa and one and a half years at Sangyip Prison. In 1985 he was arrested again, this time for distributing pamphlets denouncing the appalling living conditions of Tibetans and the invasion by the Chinese. He was sentenced to four years imprisonment and sent to Sangyip. Sholpa Dawa was arrested for a third time in 1995, and on 8 August 1996 he was sentenced to nine years imprisonment and sent to Drapchi Prison. He died in November 2000, as a result of the severe abuse received in custody, more here

Tsering Wangdrag
Tsering Wandrag, a Tibetan farmer in his thirties, died in a Chinese prison in August 2000 following several beatings and severe maltreatment. He was serving a sentence of almost four years after being arrested in October 1999 for taking part in a demonstation in Kardze, Sichuan. The protest was against the arrest of respected Buddhist leader and Tibetan scholar, Sonam Phuntsog, who is still reported in detention. - Tibet Information Network, 6th February 2001.


Ngawang Lochoe, lay name Dondup Dolma, was born at Nyel in Toelung and was a nun at Samdrup Dolma Lhakang Nunnery in Nyethang.
In May 1992 she, along with five other nuns, participated in a pro-independence demonstration in the Lhasa Barkhor area. She was arrested and taken to Gutsa Detention Center, where she was detained for four months. She was then sentenced to five years imprisonment and sent to Drapchi Prison. After a tape-recording incident in June 1993, her sentence was extended by five years to a total of ten years.
In February 2001 she died, aged twenty-six, in the police hospital.

Namgyal Tashi died on 20th September 2001, at his house in Lhasa.
He was arrested for the first time during the 1959 Uprising.
He was made to work in Norbulingka, Ngachen and North Tsala Karpo Laogais (reform through labour camps) where he suffered severe beatings and torture. In the 1980's, he and the other members of his family worked in the construction industry.

In 1991, Namgyal Tashi was sentenced to 7 years imprisonment in Drapchi prison following an incident at Samye Monastery where a Tibetan National Flag was hoisted. Just after his arrest, his wife Mrs. Jampa Choezom died of heart attack at the age of 52. His eldest son was killed at 12, when he was delivering food for his father who was working on a construction site at Chakpori Labour camp. His daughter Ngawang Sangdrol is the longest serving female political prisoner with 23 years sentence.

  Ngawang Sangdrol,

daughter of Namgyal Tashi, the longest serving female political prisoner with 23 years sentence.

Tochter von Namgyal Tashi, ist die längste weibliche politische Gefangene mit einer Haftstrafe von 23 Jahren.
  Saru Dawa
According to reports from TCHRD (Tibetan Centre for Human Rights and Democracy), Saru Dawa died in prison in mysterious circumstances on 9 January 2001. Saru was returning to visit his sick mother but was arrested at the Chinese border at Dram in November. He was found to be carrying a photograph of himself with the Dalai Lama and several books published by the Tibetan exile community. Chinese officials claim that the 27 year old monk was unwell and that it was this, along with his crime, that drove him to commit suicide. (TCHRD 22 Feb 2001)

Penpa TCHRD also reported the death early last year of Penpa, a 40 year old monk. Penpa died one month after being released from prison on medical parole. Penpa's health began to deteriorate in prison following intensive beatings. Despite receiving medical treatment he died shortly after returning home in Tsang Shalu. Penpa had been serving a 3 year sentence for hoisting a Tibetan flag. TCHRD 22 February 2001.



Venerable Yulo Tulku Dawa Tsering was born in 1930 in Tagtse County in Lhasa prefecture of the Tibetan Autonomous Region. He was recognized as the reincarnation of Choney Yulo Rinpoche at a very young age and then was taken to Gaden Shartse Monastery. In 1950, he was awarded the prestigious degree of "Geshe" (Doctor of Divinity). Later, he studied tantric Buddhism at Gyuto Tantric School. In 1959, Tulku Dawa Tsering was arrested for participation in the Lhasa Uprising and sentenced to life imprisonment. He was subsequently released after 20 years in 1979, under the "Liberalization Policy". He spent his twenty years imprisonment in the 5th Unit Labor camp of Drapchi Prison. He was made to work in the construction site along with the other political prisoners. After his release, Tulku Dawa Tsering taught Buddhist Philosophy at Lhasa University until 1982. In that same year, he was appointed as a member of the Political Consultative Committee and member of the Lhasa Buddhist Association. On 26 December 1987, he was arrested along with his friend Venerable Thupten Tsering, a monk from Sera monetary, for allowing two visitors to take video recordings. The two foreigners, an exiled Tibetan monk and an Italian tourist, Dr. Stefano Dallari, were doing a video interview in which Tulku Dawa Tsering commented on the prevailing human rights abuses and poverty in Tibet.

According to a March 1988 Radio Lhasa broadcast, "on the afternoon of July 26, 1987, two monks, Yulo Dawa Tsering and Thupten Tsering, spread reactionary views, such as Tibetan Independence, to foreign reactionary elements who came to Tibet as tourists. The two monks also viciously vilified the policies adopted by the Chinese Communist Party and the People's government." Both the monks were charged under Article 102(2) of China's Criminal Law for spreading "counter-revolutionary propaganda". After their arrest on 26 December 1987, they were first detained in Seitru Detention Center for a year, seven months of which were spent in solitary confinement with regular nightly interrogations. On 19 January 1989, the Lhasa Intermediate People's Court sentenced Yulo Dawa Tsering to 10 years and Venerable Thupten Tsering to 6 years and they were subsequently incarcerated in Drapchi Prison. During a November 1990 visit to Tibet, diplomats from four Scandinavian courtesies met Tulku Dawa Tsering in Drapchi, and they reported that he was in fairly good condition. Yulo Dawa Tsering was then released conditionally three weeks before a UN team arrived in November 1994. He told them that there was a ban on religious activity in prison, and also a ban on readmission to monasteries for monks and nuns. Both practices were later mentioned in the UN report following the visit. Even though he was released, he was under regular surveillance by the Chinese Army. He also suffered from both mental and physical illness because of the long period of imprisonment and inhumane treatment. He died on 16 January 2002 at 2.55 p.m. at his home in Lhasa. We deeply mourn the death of this ardent political prisoner, Venerable Yulo Tulku Dawa Tsering. [ more here ]


Thupten Namdol was born in Dagpo Township, Gyatsa County, Lhoka Prefecture, Tibetan Autonomous Region. He joined Dagpo Shedupling Monastery and became a monk. During the 1959 Uprising, he liaised between Dagpo Shedupling Monastery and the Voluntary Freedom Fighters for his country.

He was arrested in 1960 on charges of counter-revolutionary and advocacy of Tibetan independence. He was sentenced to a 20-year imprisonment and incarcerated in the Drapchi Prison in Lhasa. In 1964, he was transferred to the Powo Tramo Prison located approximately 500 km to the east of Lhasa City. In 1980, he was released from this prison, after the completion of his prison term. He once again worked for the Tibetan freedom movement. In the same year, he came to India to meet his relatives and friends. He then returned to Tibet and sent abroad some of the independence articles written by his friend, Tenpa Phulchung through a tourist.

He along with Choezed Metok, printed and pasted hundreds of posters expressing their gratitude and sending greetings to all the demonstrators who participated in the peaceful independence demonstration held in Lhasa on September 27, and October 1, 1987.

He was arrested on December 16, 1987, on charges of possessing posters advocating Tibetan independence. He was incarcerated at the Tibetan Autonomous Region's Sangyip Prison.

He was in poor health and had been subjected to beatings on several occasions. The guards did not permit him to consult the prison doctor. On 6 November 1994, he was conditionally released under amnesty. He suffered from both mental and physical illness because of the long period of imprisonment and inhuman treatment. He died on 17 May 2002 at his home in Lhasa, after a prolonged illness.


Lobsang Dhargyal was born in Chuwa community, Golog, in Macheng district in 1967. Until he reached the age of 22, he stayed at home herding animals. At 22, he received admission in Ragya Monastery. During his stay in the monastery from 1987 to 1989, he heard of the massive protest rallies that were staged in Lhasa. Three of his friends and he made a large number of posters and pasted them in Golog to inspire others to launch movements for Tibetan independence. It was decided that on 15 November 1992 Shingsang Rinpoche would
be enthroned at the local monastery. Accordingly, in the evening of thel4th, Lobsang and his friends drew many Tibetan National Flags and
Tibetan independence poster. They pasted them on the walls and distributed them to the public. A large number of people had gathered at the enthronement ceremony.

In the evening of the 15th the Chinese police came to the monastery and interrogated all the monks. On being coerced and paid money one of the monks revealed that Lobsang was the one who spearheaded the poster-pasting campaign. Thus, on November 25, Lobsang was arrested by the Chinese police. His room in the monastery was searched and the Chinese found Tibetan independence posters and a wooden block for the printing of the posters. The intermediate court of Golog sentenced Lobsang to a two and a half years in prison. The news of Lobsang's patriotic deeds reached the Tibetan Youth Congress. At its 9th general meeting in August 1995, Lobsang Dhargyal and his comrades-in-arms, Losang Palden, and Yeshe Gyaltsen were given the bravery awards in absentia. Their sacrifice for Tibet and their brethren is an inspiration for all of us. Lobsang was released on May 25, 1995 after the conclusion of his term. Any person who has served a sentence in a prison is expelled from his monastery. Therefore, Lobsang was enduring many problems of being expelled from his monastery, not having a work to earn his livelihood etc. But, he continued to involve himself in political activities for his country and countrymen.

In April 1997 he escorted Shingsa Rinpoche to into exile to study. In 2001 Lobsang returned to Golog to meet his ageing mother. But before reaching Shigatse he was arrested by the Chinese police and subsequently handed over to the Administrator of Golog. He was sentenced to a 16-year term and sent to a prison in Siling. There he was forced to do hard manual labour at an electricity plant.
Lobsang was subjected to many beatings in prison as a result of which his brain was damaged. Lobsang succumbed to his brain injuries on November 19, 2002. The sad news of his demise was read over the radio. We ask everyone to mourn his death and to pray so that his soul may rest in peace.



Lobsang Damchoe was born in Changra, Gyaltse district, Tibet in 1938. When he reached a mature age, he joined the Gyaltse Palkhor monastery. In the 1950s when the Communist Chinese were making inroads into Tibet with Machiavellian designs Lobsang showed unwavering patriotism for his country and its people.

In 1958 Lobsang joined the Dharma Protection Voluntary Army and went to Lhokha region and fought with the invading Chinese forces. In 1959 the Chinese forces arrested him and was taken to Gutsa prison in Lhasa where he was subjected to many beatings and other forms of persecution. After the conclusion of his term in prison he was taken to a labour camp in Gyaltse where he worked under the most difficult conditions for 20 years.

In the 1980s there was some leniency in Chinese policy vis-a-vis Tibetans. In 1987 Lobsang went back to his monastery after long years of absence. He was allowed to rejoin his monastery.

In 1995 Lobsang printed, and published a prayer book for the young Panchen Lama and distributed it extensively to the public as a result of which he was arrested by the Chinese police on December 18. He was sentenced to a five-year jail term.

After his release Lobsang stayed with a relative of his. But his financial condition is not good. He was able to receive a little treatment with the financial support of his relative. Later he stayed with Kelsang, his disciple, which proved difficult because of the poor economic condition of Kelsang. On January 31, 2003 Lobsang, one of the heroes of the Tibetan freedom struggle, breathed his last. The demise of Lobsang palpably demonstrates that the serving and former political prisoners are enduring unspeakable haradship in Tibet on every front.

We ask the international community and Tibet Support Groups to share our sorrow and take the responsibility to help our brethren in this hour of need.


Nyima Dakpa was demised on October 1, 2003 at his native birthplace. He was hailed from Tau district, Kartse in eastern Tibet. He was a monk of the Nya-Tso monastery. Before joining the monastery he went to a primary school. In 1989 he joined the Nya-tso monastery and studied Buddhist philosophy for about a year.

In 1990 he escaped to India and joined Gaden monastery in southern India. He studied Buddhist philosophy for three years. In 1994 he returned to Tibet and rejoined his old monastery to pursue further studies.

From 1998 Nyima, while in the monastery and studying, started writing posters and pasting them on the walls of offices in Tao district. Further, he wrote his name on the posters to show that he carried out the campaign. The Chinese police nabbed another person of the same name but was released.

In 2000 Nyima left his native birthplace and headed to Lhasa to escape being arrested by the Chinese police. He hid in a village on the outskirts of Lhasa for a while but he was arrested in Lhasa. He was then taken to Tao district where in October 2000, he was formally charged for being a security threat to the country. He was sentenced to 7 years imprisonment.

During his imprisonment he was subjected to unspeakable beatings and other forms of persecution and he lost both of his legs and hands. Further, he was chronically ill, so he was released from prison as a face-saving measure. But he died at home.